INTRODUCTION OF HONG KONG (DOMESTIC HELPER MARKET)
Owing to the progress in Hong Kong society and growth in economy, there has been a steady increase in the number of independent families and social services that have shifted into home caretaking. Home helpers service has become a very important aspect and has gained enormous growth support from the Hong Kong society. As a result, foreign domestic helpers from foreign nations, such as the Philippines and Indonesia, have taken up the majority position since its introduction in 1974.
MARKET DEMAND FOR FDH IN HONG KONG
Apart from the job requirement of taking care of infants, similar to many other cities in the world, Hong Kong is facing the problem of an ageing population. It is expected that by the year of 2033, Hong Kong elderly population of age 65 or above will increased to approximately 1.5 times compare to that in 2005. Hong Kong people appear to have a longer life expectancy and which will increase in average by 4-6 years by 2033. While this trend presents significant challenges to the society in general, it also presents potential opportunities in the development of the elderly care service industry and related job opportunities for workers of another skill level. Foreign domestic helpers are known to be more patient in handling the elderly, they are willing to serve the elderly in the evening and during early hours. Some of them are capable in doing minor nursing duties such as changing diapers, feeding, soothing, comforting and companionship when the elders are in pain or when they are uncomfortable.
CURRENT SITUATION IN HONG KONG FOR DOMESTIC HELPER
From the time when Hong Kong Government permitted the hiring of domestic helper from overseas, the number of Foreign Domestic Helpers (FDH) working in Hong Kong has risen to 346,899 according to Jul 2016 figures, and the majority of the FDH comes from the Philippines, the number of Filipino FDH, as of Jul 2016, is 186,655 which is 53.8% of the total population of Foreign Domestic Helper in HK.
BENEFITS FOR FOREIGN DOMESTIC HELPER ( FDH ) IN HONG KONG
Hong Kong offers the most favourable benefits for FDH compared to neighbouring cities in Asia.
The Hong Kong foreign domestic helpers market is among the most developed markets in the world. Its model is considered vastly successful in comparison to other Asian and Middle East markets, especially in terms of monetary gains, human rights, fairness and ethical treatments towards FDH. In addition to having the highest net earnings in East Asia, Hong Kong is the most ideal working place for domestic helpers in Asia.